Latest Cannabis News – June 2018

Hi readers, there is a lot happening in the cannabis industry in the US and across the world. We have summarised the top 5 interesting news items of the month for our cannabis enthusiast readers in today’s post.

    1. The USFDA has approved the very first drug that includes a cannabis derived active ingredient. The drug is named Epidiolex and will used to treat rare forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. Read more…cannabis epidiolex
    2. UK’s Conservative party leader Lord Hauge advocated the use of marijuana in the the Billy Caldwell case and proposed that cannabis should be legalised in the country. According to reports from Institute of Economic Affairs, the UK’s cannabis black market is currently valued at £2.6bn. Read more …
    3. Canada will soon legalise recreational use of marijuana. It will be the second country in the world after Uruguay to do so. All rules and regulations concerning production, distribution and sale are expected to be in place by October. Read More..Canada-marijuana-demonstration-flag-CC-Cannabis-Culture
    4. The first license in Massachusetts for selling recreational cannabis may be given to Cultivate Holdings, based in Leicester. Read more …
    5. New state rules governing cannabis sale will be in place in California starting July. The rules will be with respect to the quality and packaging of the products. This may result in a temporary shortage of stock in retail outlets. Read more…

 

    Stay tuned for latest updates and interesting news on cannabis!

Hydroponic Grow Room Ventilation : The Basics

Ventilation is an important aspect of grow room environment management and a number of equipment are available today that help in accurate air circulation. Before setting up the grow room, it is important to understand the ventilation requirements and the products involved.

Advantages Of Employing Ventilation:

Odor Control: Many crops, for example marijuana, result in obnoxious and foul odor when grown indoors that can seep into other living areas. The use of proper fans and carbon filters can help in eliminating such odors.

Controlling Room Temperature: The use of lights and other equipment can make the grow area hot and the temperature needs to be controlled to avoid damage to plants. Proper ventilation can help in keeping temperatures under control.

Humidity Management: Excess humidity can result in mild formation that can destroy the crop. Air filters draw out the excess humidity and maintain the perfect RH in the room.

CO2 replenishment: Plants need carbon dioxide for proper growth and air filters help in supplying the same as the CO2 in the grow room is exhausted.

Number and Size of in-line fans?

What size fan should be used is often the big question for new growers. The size and number of fans depends directly on the size of your grow room. i.e If L*B*H of the grow room = XCFM (+ 20%). A fan with same capacity CFM or more should be chosen. For larger spaces and effective circulation, one can use two or more in line fans that add upto XCFM.

iPower Ventilation Systems

Different Components Of Ventilation System:

  1. Inline Fans (booster fans): Draw air from the outer environment into the grow room, or work as an exhaust. They work in sync with the carbon filters.
  2. Carbon Filters: Activated carbon in the filters adsorbs foul odour and impurities in the air flow that goes to the inline air filters.
  3. Pre Filter: A pre filter is a sleeve like thing that is put over the carbon filter to increase its efficiency and longevity.
  4. Air Ducting Vent Hose & Clamps: The hose is set up outside the tent in sync with the air filter to help air flow properly. Clamps are used to fix the hose tightly and o seal any air leakages.
  5. Oscillating Fans: These can be used to improve the air quality and for excess ventilation. Floor fans, side wall mounted oscillating fans or the ones that can be hung on the roof are available. They help0 in controlling the temperature more effectively.
  6. Silencers & Mufflers: Silencers, or mufflers are used in conjunction with carbon filters and control the excessive noise that they are known to create.
  7. Dampers: They are fixed at the inlet/outlet of air filters to avoid any backdraft of air and air leakage.
  8. Other accessories: In addition to the above products, we will need accessories such as air-cooled reflectors, wall mounts, brackets, flanges, ducts, clamps, duct size reducers and split Ys to complete the ventilation setup in a grow room.

Hydroponic Ventilation SystemsYou can find all the ventilation related hydroponic supplies at zenhydro.com. We will read more about our Signature iPower Ventilation Series in our next post. Stay tuned!

 

Top 10 Marijuana Strains That You Can Grow At Home

As exciting growing cannabis for the first time can be, it can be equally confusing when it comes to picking a strain. Many novice growers fail and get quickly disheartened and give up. While following a rule book to growing can be helpful, its not all. Patience is a great asset in achieving success and the experience can be different with different strains. In today’s post we will cover the top ten popular marijuana strains most of which can be easily grown in one’s own grow room in a hydroponic setup.

cannabis colas

  1. Easy Sativa: Like the names says, it is easy to grow and yields big buds in around 12 weeks. The strain gives best results when grown outdoors, but can also be grown with success indoors. It has a 10%-15% THC level and gives a euphoric high without causing anxiety, suggested for chronic pain, headaches, depression and mood swings.
  2. Super Skunk: An Indica strain that is great for relaxation effects. It flowers after 8 weeks and is a beginner friendly strain. It is great for relieving depression, stress and body pains.
  3. Blue Dream: This is one of the most popular strain among growers and consumers alike. This California based strain has a great berry flavour and is a Sativa dominant strain, hence great for pain relief, depression and creative thinking.
  4. Lemon OG: A 50% sativa and 50% Indica strain, Lemon OG has citrussy notes and provides sleepy and relaxed feeling. It starts flowering at as early as 8 weeks.
  5. White Widow: The name comes from large white buds that are highly potent with THC above 25%. It gives a euphoric high and is a favoraite among many growers.
  6. Northern Lights: One of the most easy to grow strains of marijuana and also one off the most popular ones. It is an Indica dominant strain and is prescribed for relieving pain and lack of hunger.
  7. Sour Diesel: Another favourite from California, Sour Diesel is popular worldwide. It is a 90% Sativa strain and is best for creative focus and psychoactive effects. The taste is strong on the palette and lasts long.
  8. Jack Herrer: A Sativa dominant strain, it is named after a medical cannabis lobbyist.  It is strongly recommended for conditions like PTSD and gives a happy high. The taste is mellow with lemony and sweet notes.
  9. Afghan Kush: Afghan Kush is an easy to grow strain which is pest resistant, and grows dense large colas. It is prescribed for many clinical conditions such as insomnia, digestive problems and anorexia, has fruity flavours and earthy aroma.
  10. Trainwreck: Trainwreck is another strain that can be easily grown in an indoor setup, hydroponic too. The buds are dense and high in resin content. A sativa dominant strain that gives a creative and happy high, train wreck is also chosen to cure PTSD, pain and stress.

To start growing on your own, choose one of the above strains and shop from zenhydro.com for the best hydroponic products. You can also refer to our earlier post on how to get started and get best results while growing indoors.

Nutrient Deficiencies In Hydroponics : How To Identify And Fix Them

Supplying nutrients in the right ratios to your plants is extremely important in a hydroponic system as it lacks soil and a natural growing environment. Too less, too much, wrong time and a wrong type of nutrient can cause nutrient related diseases that can damage your crop. One of the advantages with hydroponics is that you can quickly change the components of the nutrient solution in case you spot a deficiency.

nutrient deficiencies

Our previous post was on plant diseases caused by living organisms while this post will cover abiotic diseases. The guide below will cover most nutrient deficiencies, their symptoms and possible care you can take up.

1. Nitrogen

Role of Nitrogen: Photosynthesis, reproduction, growth of leaves and stem.

What does it look like? pale green or yellow leaves. excess nitrogen can cause root stunting.

How to fix it? Maintaining a pH of 5.8-6.3 range can improve nitrogen uptake. one can also use a good nitrogen supplement.

2. Phosphorous

Role of phosphorous: Respiration, food storage, cell division and many more.

What does it look like? yellowish leaves, that curl at the tips. Purple veins on leaves and small flowers.

How to fix it? Phosphorous uptake is slow in cold nutrient solutions, a pH below 5.5 and above 7. apart from temperature and pH adjustments you can add products such as Nature’s Nectar.

3. Potassium

Role of potassium: Important for many metabolic cycles and enzyme activity.

What does it look like? burnt leaf margins, dead spots, symptoms of chlorosis in stems and leaves.

How to fix it? adding a potassium supplement to the nutrient solution will improve the flowering and fruiting in potassium deficient plants.

4. Calcium

Role of calcium: calcium plays an important role in uptake of other nutrients, strengthening of cell walls and root development, cell division and has a number of other roles.

What does it look like? Calcium deficiency effects faster growing parts and newer parts of the plant such as new leaves. burning of leaf margins, lack of rigidity, death of new leaves and growing parts of the shoot are some of the symptoms.

How to fix it? add a calcium supplement to the nutrient solution, follow mixing charts to avoid overdose.

5. Magnesium

Role of magnesium: enzyme function, photosynthesis and cell division use magnesium.

What does it look like? mottling, curling of leaf edges, chlorosis and necrosis of leaves are the main symptoms. It affects the older leaves first.

How to fix it? Using a cal-mag nutrient can help reduce magnesium deficiency.

6. Iron

Role of iron: chlorophyl production and a number of metabolic activities.

What does it look like? chlorosis of younger leaves and veins that make them look pale and yellow. 

How to fix it? low water temperatures and higher pH can reduce iron uptake. other than adjusting environmental conditions, one can use products such as Revive to up the levels of iron.

7. Molybdenum

Role of molybdenum: amino acid synthesis and fixing atmospheric nitrogen

What does it look like? It resembles nitrogen deficiency and its uptake is dependant on sulphur and potassium levels in the medium.  Chlorosis of veins or margins and malformed leaf structure are symptoms of molybdenum deficiency. 

How to fix it? choose a product that is composed of micronutrients which often includes molybdenum along with others such as cobalt and magnesium.

8. Sulfur

Role of sulphur: amino acid and protein synthesis and chlorophyll production. Sulfur is essential for a good yield in terms of quality and quantity.

What does it look like? reddish veins and petioles, delayed maturity, stunted growth and spindle like structure.  

How to fix it? adding epsom, gypsum salts or other sulfates in measured quantities can improve sulphur levels and result in good flower and fruit in your crop.

9. Boron

Role of Boron: amino acid production and seed production sugar transportation, cell division, formation of a strong root and stem structure

What does it look like? stunting, discolouration of leaf tips, darker roots,   scorching of leaf tips and margins are among teh common symptoms.

How to fix it? Boron is present in most nutrient products that contain micronutrients. It is also available in sea weed based nutrient formulae, such as General Organics Bio Weed.

10. Silicon

Role of Silicon: provides rigidity to cell wall, plays an important role in resistance against harsh weather such as drought and frost and shields from pests. It effects uptake and distribution of other elements such as manganese in plants.

What does it look like? Silicon deficiency is hard to distinguish but generally exhibits as weak leaves and stems that makes plants susceptible to fungi and other disease causing organisms. 

How to fix it? a wide number of silica supplements are available in the market and they have proven to be very beneficial, especially to hydroponic farmers. Use of these products results in better quality fruits and vegetables and better resistance in plants.

Visit zenhydro.com for a huge selection of nutrients and supplements for your hydroponic garden.

The Most Common Plant Diseases in Hydroponic Gardens : How To Identify And Cure Them

Diseases in a hydroponic garden are less frequent than soil-based gardens that carry many bacteria and other pathogens in the soil. No matter how careful you are, there is always a risk of contamination sources of which include insects and pests, and changing weather conditions among others.  These can cause a variety of biotic diseases (we will cover abiotic diseases in a separate post) that can prove disastrous to your crop. It is very important to have knowledge of the most common diseases, how to identify and eliminate the same, so that the rest of your crop is safe. Below is a list of the ten most common diseases, that you can quickly refer to.

1. Rust: Reddish brown spots that occur on the under side of leaves. It is a fungal infection and can spread very rapidly in humid conditions. It can be cleared with small amounts of zineb or maneb or other fungicides.

plant rust2. Powdery Mildew: Like all fungal infections, this thrives in humid conditions and can be noted as white spots on the underside and sometimes upper side of leaves. Remove leaves immediately and spray with a fungicide.

mildew3. Gray/Black Mold: It is a fungal disease, also known by the name botrytis. It occurs in places that do not get enough air and light and is fastened by humidity and poor air circulation. Occurs as a fine grayish or blackish layer over leaves and stems. Wash the affected areas and use a mild fungicide if necessary.black mold4. Club Root: Roots club together and cause retarded growth in the plants. Remove clubbed roots and spay with fungicide.

5.Mosaic Virus: Also called tobacco mosaic or tomato mosaic virus,  it shows as yellow/white spots and streaks giving a mosaic pattern to leaves. It causes curling of leaf edges and poor plant growth. Remove and destroy affected parts as soon as possible. There is no perfect cure for this disease, hence all care should be taken to avoid it.mosaic virus6. Thrips:  These insects leave the leaves, stems and fruits with yellow spots and destroy them. Use effective insecticide to get rid of thrips that can spread rapidly. Neem oil can also be used to control thrips.thrips7. Spider Mites: They live on the underside of leaves, piercing and sucking them.  This causes the leaves to dry and wilt. The use of a non toxic miticide can be of benefit to get rid of these.spider mites8.Aphids: Usually found in the roots, they may appear gray, green, or transparent. They are the most rare, yet the most feared pest in any cannabis garden due to their ability to replicate and consume massive amounts of root mass in a day. If you spot them at the base of the stem, take actions immediately as they have already taken over the root zone of that plant.

The good news is, they are easier to eradicate compared to mites and PM. Use Neem oil, Azamax, Azatrol, Azasol, and OG Biowar and a light dash of Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2.

aphids9. Gnats: They are grayish insects that look like mosquitoes and are also known as scarid fly. These thrive on the hydroponic media, act as vectors for root disease pathogens and eventually weaken the whole plant. Drying the top part of root zone and using sticky mats that trap these insects can help you get rid of gnats to a great extent.fungus gnats10. Blight: It can be a fungal or bacterial infestation that appears as dark brown/red colored lesions on stems, leaves or fruits and causes leaf discoloration. Trim affected parts and use a bactericide/fungicide to control its spread.blight early

One needs to follow best practices while working in hydroponic gardens as they involve a lot of hard work. An unidentified disease can result in crop damage and great losses. Gear up with the right products to keep your crop safe, shop now.

 

Odor Control In A Hydroponic Grow Room : Tips & Products

Bad odor is a common problem among indoor, hydroponic growers given the high temperatures, humidity and lack of natural ventilation. With a little knowledge about different products and maintenance tips you can get rid of any foul or unpleasant odor in your grow rooms.

What causes these odors and why should we eliminate them?

The use of nutrient solutions, growing media, organic fertilisers and poorly maintained water reservoirs are among the top reasons of bad odor. Apart from this, the nature of the plants itself can be a reason. For example marijuana produces a strong smell, herbs such as basil have characteristic smells while other plants such as strawberries don’t. If you are growing in a living space you would not want interference from these odors on a daily basis and also, it is not good for the health of your crop as it attracts insects and other animals.

Tips to maintaining odor free environment

  1. Avoid using unnecessary organic growing media as it attracts fungi, bacteria and is a good source to pollute the nutrient solutions easily
  2. Use dark tanks and keep them covered to avoid any contamination, light penetration into nutrient solutions can fasten the process of bacterial growth
  3. Clean the tanks between each crop cycle thoroughly, let them dry and then use them
  4. Rather than adding nutrients and buffers to the reservoir every time, replace all the water once a week to keep the reservoir clean
  5. Oxygenate the nutrient solution well by using air stones and air pumps as it can promote growth of good bacteria and better root health
  6. Remove unwanted material such as rotting leaves or roots as soon as you spot them

Products for odor control

You can use the below products in different combinations or by themselves, based on your grow room size and other factors.

Carbon Filters: These are the most effective way to adsorb any unwanted odors as well as pollutants in the environment.

carbon filter

Also known as scrubbers, these use activated carbon that traps impurities in small pores when used in connection with a fan. The inline carbon filters are easy to use and last long too. A number of options are available in the market today in different shapes and sizes. You can also find relevant accessories such as pre filter and duct blower for carbon filters very easily.

 

air purifier

Air Purifiers:  Air Purifiers are simpler products that simply filter out air. They are not as effective as carbon filters as they can not draw large volumes of air and do not work for strong smells. However, these are an economic way of keeping odors in control in a small grow space. Air purifier towers have the benefit of mobility and and just plug and play type products.

Masking Agents: Masking agents just cover up for the bad smells and do not eliminate them, they are similar to the car scents and come different forms such as sprays, gels and wax.

air purifier gel

You can use them in different corners of the grow room. These have a strong scent and may not be the choice if you want a discreet grow area. However, if your odor problem is not a serious one you can use them and they are available in different scents and forms.

 

ozonator

Ozone Generators:  Ozone doesn’t just get rid of bad odor, it also has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties which makes it a very efficient choice. These can be used in-line with ducts too. However, the levels of O3 should be maintained below 0.5 ppm (parts per million) for safety reasons. Long term exposure to Ozone is not desirable.  Although initial equipment cost can be high, ozonators have low running costs.

Hope this helps your odor related doubts. Visit zenhydro.com to find the best products for your hydroponic garden.

 

 

 

 

All About General Hydroponics

General HydroponicsHydroponics is a rapidly evolving industry that is and promises to further change the future of farming. With increasing environmental concerns that demand mankind to adapt sustainable methods, hydroponic farming has gained a lot of  followers and still has a long way to go. Few companies have contributed remarkably to this change through constant research and one such name is General Hydroponics.

General Hydroponics Overview

Established in 1976, General Hydroponics is headquartered at Santa Rosa, California, USA. It was started by a group of engineers, scientists and technicians to advance agricultural quality and innovation through the use of key manufacturing processes and cutting-edge research. With a whopping 40 plus years of existence, the brand has come a long way in the field of hydroponics and organic farming.  They have facilities in North America and Europe, while a special branch deals with researching on hydroponic methods for growing different crops. Building systems and products that are environmentally efficient is at the core of their values.

General Hydroponics Products

Nutrients:

Nutrients are an important part of hydroponic farming as these systems lack soil. General Hydroponics’ nutrients are available in Flora Series, Flora Nova, Flora Duo, Maxi Series and Coco Tek. Flora Series is said to be the first three part nutrient developed by the company and is still the most used one. Flora Nova is a two part solution that can be used in any medium, one part for bloom and one for vegetative growth. Coco Tek is a product that is specially designed to enhance the benefits of growing in coco coir medium.

Hydroponic Nutrients

Supplements:

With years of research and development General Hydroponics has built a portfolio of supplemental products that work in synergy with the nutrient solutions and yield specific benefits. These include Armor Si, CALiMAGic, Diamond Nectar, FloraBlend, Floralicious, FloraNectar, KoolBloom, RapidStart, and SubCulture. KoolBloom that enhances flowering and weight during ripening, and RapidRooters that helps develop a robust root system are especially popular among customers. ArmorSi is a silica based product that helps plants improve resistance. Another product, SubCulture provides the benefits of natural soil to roots, which is a debated point in hydroponics.

Hydroponic Supplements

Control:

This range includes Exile, Defgaurd and Prevasyn. Exile, is an insecticide, fungicide as well as miticide. It is used to fight against pests such as soft-bodied pests and powdery mildew. Defgaurd is a biofungicide and bactericide that is popular for use against botrytis, while Prvasyn is an insect repellant.

General Hydroponics Exile Insecticide, Fungicide and Miticide

Maintenance:

A range of maintenance products are required to keep hydroponic systems running efficiently. They include rinses, pest control, reference solutions and pH buffers. FloraKleen and FloraShield are among popular hydroponics rinses that provide a clean growing environment. Reference Solutions are used to calibrate monitoring instruments so the readings are accurate.

General Hydroponic Maintenance Products

Systems & System Parts:

General Hydroponics has developed ready to use hydroponic systems that have helped many hobbyists take up hydroponics easily. The plug and play kind of systems make everything simple and their parts are also available easily so you do not have to worry about expanding or replacing anything. The wide range ensures that something is available for everyone, beginner or expert and no matter what technique you want to use. These include AeroFlo, Rainforest, WaterFarm, PowerGrower, megaFarm, EcoGrower and EuroGrower.

General Hydroponic Systems

Media:

Growing Media available from General Hydroponics include Coco Coir products such as CocoTek Baskets, Mats and, loose fill and blocks of Organic Coir. Another popular product is 100% Organic Forest Humus Soil Amendment that provides a wide range of natural materials accumulated over thousands of years of growth and natural composting.

General Hydroponic Growing Medium

Rapid Rooters is yet another product that is loved by growers, its unique structure provides a good water:air ratio that enhances root branching and is useful for both seeds and cuttings alike.

General Organics:

This is a recent line of products introduced by the company that includes organic nutrients and supplements. They are prepared from botanical extracts and natural mined minerals. These include BioThrive, BioMarine, BioWeed, BioRoot, BioBud and a few others.

Pick up General Hydroponics products for the best prices from the best hydroponics store. Check out now!

 

How To Germinate Cannabis Seeds

With spring and summer around the corner, may cannabis enthusiasts must be waiting to start their outdoor/indoor garden and get growing on their own. In today’s blog post we will share the different methods of germinating cannabis seeds, with the dos and donts for a perfect set of saplings. Germination is the first step to growing any plants and good results will boost your confidence for the rest of the cycle.

Before we start, remember that buying feminized seeds will save you a lot of time and effort instead of gambling with bag seeds and seed mixes.

There are five major methods to growing cannabis seedlings –

1. Soaking in Glass

glass. germinationPick a few seeds (5 to 7) and drop them in a transparent glass with some water (use bottled water or RO water) leave them overnight and see if any of the seeds are floating. The seeds that do not settle to bottom are not viable. It usually takes about 24 hours for a root to appear, after which you can transplant it to soil or any medium you want to grow the plant in. Do not leave the seeds in the water for more than two days.

2. Paper Towel Method

paper towel method

    Place the selected seeds in a wet kitchen paper towel, place another wet towel over it and put it in a plate. Cover with another plate to retain moisture. Check on the towels once in a while and ensure they do not dry out. Seeds sprout in 1-4 days and can then be transferred to medium.

3. Germination Cubes

rapid rooterA wide variety of germination cubes and plugs in now available in the market and Rapid Rooters is one of the most popular brands. These have a small hole in which you can drop the seed and just add a little water to the tray. They support the seed and the delicate root pretty well and are also easy to shift to the growing medium without damage. Unlike the above methods, you can leave the seedlings undisturbed till you see a pair of leaves. Additionally, you can also use a heat mat or germination heat mats with thermostat to give you the best control over the process and fasten it a bit. This method is best suitable for hydroponic growing.

germination dome

    Rockwool cubes are better avoided as they naturally have a high pH that is unsuitable for growing cannabis.

4. Pellets

    Pellets are not as popular as germination cubes but are still a good option. They are about an inch in diameter but grow wider when soaked in water. They hold water for a longer time, hence there is no fear of drying out quickly. Place the pellets in a tray and add water. Just insert the seeds in the hole after the pellets have soaked well and wait for the sprout to appear.

5. Directly in the medium

In case you want to avoid the extra steps you can always grow directly in the medium in which you want to plant the seedlings. All you need to do is place the seeds about 5 mm under the soil and add a little water. This method takes a little longer and also doesn’t give you the same control the others do. There is the added anxiety as to which seeds have germinated and which ones aren’t viable. Another point to be taken care of is the moisture in the container, over watering or lack of water can both pose challenge to the germination process. Hence it is safe to choose the previously discussed methods over this one.

marijuana medium

Factors influencing the germination process

Warmth: Warm temperatures help easy germination. A heat pad can be used for this that has a thermostat control, and if you are using water, use warm but not hot water.

Light: After the seed grows a root you will need light for it to develop leaves. Either place the container in sun or use a good HID light if you are growing indoors. Keep lighting at a good distance where the new leaves do not feel the heat from the light source.

Moisture: When using the paper towel, germination cubes or growing in medium, ensure that they do not dry out. Keep adding water as required, at the same time do not let the seeds soak in excess water. If you live in a hot or dry area, you can use a dome to prevent water loss. In case you are using the glass method do not soak beyond 36 hours maximum.

propagation dome

Plant Root Down: Always place the germinated seed root down in the growing medium for the best results. If you decide to place the seeds directly in medium, place the pointed end into the soil and small circle facing upwards.

Transplanting: In case you need to transplant a seedling to a medium after you see the tap root, before you put it in the final container, go for a balanced medium that isn’t too rich in nutrients or has slow release nutrients. Saplings need more oxygen in the soil than nutrients that aid vegetative growth. Also, choose at least a 2 gallon container while shifting saplings to the end container. Post the sapling stage, Fox Farm Potting Soil Mixes are a good option to see sturdy growth.

Germination kits are available in the stores these days that will make the whole process easier. Just pick one and get going. Wish you luck for your marijuana garden this season.

The Art Of Trimming Cannabis Buds – Wet Vs Dry Methods

Every step in the process of growing marijuana is of great importance and has to be done with utmost care for the best results. After the trichomes have attained high cannabinoid content, its harvest time. This is the step that requires a lot of patience, care, skill and knowledge. In today’s post we will discuss trimming, the different ways and their pros and cons.

What is trimming?

As the name suggests, it is the process of removing any excess plant material that will not add to the final extract or interfere with the taste and smoothness. The two main types of trimming are wet and dry, they both have their advantages and disadvantages which makes this one of the most debated topics in the cannabis circles.

Wet Trimming

Wet trimming is the process of removing all the excess of plant material before drying and curing the well manicured buds.

The process:

  1. Cut and collect the branches with the buds using a pair of sharp large shears. Avoid laying them flat on one side as they have moisture in them.
  2. Cut the fan leaves off using a smaller pair of shears. Make sure you do not mistake with the sugar leaves (the ones which are much closer to the buds and contain some amount of active ingredients)
  3. Remove all sugar leaves, they are covered with trichome just like the rest if the buds and will slightly stick out so you can easily identify them. Trim as much as you can, because these are known to render harshness to the final product. Do not forget to collect these in a separate jar as they can used to make other cannabis products such as butter, tincture, tea or other edible products.
  4. Hang them to dry. You can either use a drying rack or just hang them upside down on a clothes line. You should leave lengthier stalks if you plan to do the later.
  5. Let them dry for 7-10 days with increasing temperatures and decreasing humidity of the drying area. Do not let the temperature go beyond 75 degrees and humidity under 45%.
  6. Cure them well in air tight jars while opening occasionally. This can be done for a couple of weeks or months or even longer, depending on the taste preferences.

Advantages:

  • It is faster than dry trimming.
  • It is easier than dry trimming, hence preferred by novices. Handling wet buds is easier than handling dry ones that crumble easy. Also, if not handled properly the trichomes on the bud may be effected reducing the yield quality.
  • Sugar leaves are easier to identify and trim in wet method as they do not curl up or stick to the bud.
  • Machines can be used more effectively in wet trimming. They run at a high RPM that can reduce the levels of active ingredients in dry buds as they are more delicate.
  • Time saving, if you have to quicken the whole process you did better trim the buds wet and leave them to dry and cure than wait for days at end for the wet branches to dry out before you can start trimming. Hence wet trimming is a faster option.
  • Bulk batches are better trimmed wet as a there are many wet trimming machines in the market that can handle large quantities. Its a much better option than hiring man power to do the trimming.
  • Wet trimming gives a better control over the bud shape, hence a much neat and presentable output can be expected.

Dry Trimming

Dry trimming is the process of removal of all excess and unwanted material from the cannabis branches after they have been dried well.

dry trimming

The process:

  1. Cut branches with buds using a large size scissors, remember to cut them into manageable sizes. All of them should be in proportion so that they all dry around the same time.
  2. Remove the fan leaves or water leaves that are green in colour.
  3. Hang the branches upside down on a clothes line or a twine using hangers or large clips. You can also use a drying rack, but remember to turn the branches every once in a while so that the drying is even.
  4. Let the branches dry for at least 7 to maximum 15 days. Try to break a branch after this, if it produces a snap sound then they are ready for trimming. However, the branch should still have a little flex to it and should not be overly dried.
  5. Start cutting off the sugar leaves as closely to the bud as possible, collect them in a different container so they can be used to prepare other products.
  6. Cure the well manicured buds in glass jars, open them frequently in the first few days to let go off any excess moisture. Do not let the RH fall below 55% and use a humidiccant pack if necessary.

Advantages:

  • Without a doubt, dry trimming gives the buds their own time to dry slowly in a more natural way and the process of curing starts of earlier. The extra drying time is said to render a better taste as well as aroma to the final product.
  • There are lower chances of mold formation or oxidation of buds in dry trimming  in comparison to wet trimming as the bud is untouched, not exposed or damaged.
  • The sugar leaves tend to cushion and protect the trichomes on the buds, the movement during handling the buds will not effect trichomes much and the quality of the output will be better.
  • Though the overall process takes longer, the most tedious part of trimming the sugar leaves takes much lesser time as they are dry and fall of at the nodes quickly while trimming.

Below are the basic products that you may need while trimming the buds.

bowl buds trimmer
Bowl Trimmer
Drying Rack Cannabis
Drying Rack
shear cannabis
Shears

 

 

Humidiccant
storage jar cannabisx
Storage Jar

 

 

hygrometer cannabis
Hygrometer

 

 

 

 

 

Dry and wet methods both have advantages and disadvantages of their own. It is difficult to say which method is right or wrong, the final decision depends on culmination of various factors such as time, weather conditions, taste preferences and availability of machine or manpower. A smart way would be to find a balance between these two methods and here is how.

Trim off the fan leaves and the larger sugar leaves that stick out prominently. This way the smaller sugar leaves will provide the advantages of dry trimming by cushioning the trichomes. Then dry them well and do the rest of the trimming before curing the buds.

Every cannabis cultivator and consumer has his own tastes and preferences, it is best to research well, try out each method on smaller batches and find the perfect tailored fit.

Hydroponics : What The Future Holds

Hydroponics is the practice of growing plants in water, by supplementing them  with the nutrients which would otherwise be present in soil. It can be done either indoors, outdoors or in a green house. In case the plants’ root system is large, a variety of material such as perlite, coco coir or clay pebbles are used to support the plant growth. The advantages of growing hydroponically are many, which has resulted in a tremendous growth and evolution in the industry in the past ten years. It was valued at a whopping USD 21,203.5 million in 2016 according to a report by Modor Intelligence. Let us now see the top five influencing factors that will shape the future of hydroponics market.

The Changing Face Of Urban Gardening: We would all love the idea of eating fresh, farmers market food on daily basis, but with today’s buys lifestyle that is not a possibility and we end up stocking weeks’vegetables and fruits from supermarket shelves. The changes in the hydroponics industry has enabled many small scale, grow-your-own food enthusiasts to get access to unadulterated, chemical free fresh vegetables and have added a new mile stone to urban gardening. Most sellers are introducing units that fit in the kitchen window, or a corner in the room or your backyard. So now it doesn’t matter where you live and what you want to eat, you can grow most of the leafy greens, vegetables and many fruits at home.

hydroponic kitGrow-walls are being installed in homes and soon many food-service players will use them to supply their own herbs and vegetables, they will further aid the farm-to-table movement. We could see more of these ready-to-grow units that support wider variety of plants in the future, making hydroponics that bit more simpler. On the commercial front, some companies such as ComCorp, Singapore, have started roof top gardens in thousands of square-feet area to grow  food hydroponically on a large, commercial scale. This could become a very important aspect of modern day agriculture in the years to come.

 

Nutrients & Additives: Nutrients play an important role in hydroponic farming as soil is absent in the system. Initially, fewer nutrients were commercially available for hydroponic growers that usually comprised of different proportions of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, calcium or magnesium. But now a wide range of products are available that cater to different plant needs such as growth stage, pathogen, self pH adjusting solutions and many others. Recently  sub-cultures that  contain bacteria & fungi have also been introduced in commercial market place. These products are expected to improve nutrient uptake, and also improve the quality and quantity of yield. Use of amino acid chelates instead of EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) in additives is also an upcoming trend that will prove to be beneficial in improving yields. Development of all in one products or one-part formulae that combine additives, supplements and boosters into one formula will simplify hydroponics, especially for novice growers. Additionally, sustained release and slow release products will also prove helpful for them.

Technological Changes: Constant research and development by different organisations and companies has resulted in hundreds of new products in this market. Dosing systems that allows growers to control nutrient/pH adjuster influx, growing apps that offer total control from your mobile phone for adjusting lighting, temperature, irrigation and ventilation will gain popularity and become more prevalent among small scale growers too. Companies have started to help gardeners integrate solar energy into their hydroponic gardens, this will further up the sustainability hydroponics offers. In the lighting section, constant advancement in LEDs (Light emitting Diode) and CMH (Ceramic Metal Halides) will drive growth as more growers will replace their lighting units with these. Heat-emissions of hydroponic grow lights will get lower and flux densities will get better providing more energy to the plants.

Bioponics: The method of growing plants hydroponically along with other living organisms, such as fish, is called Bioponics. It provides a synergistic advantage and this trend will grow further, may be at a slower rate.

aquaponics
Source: backtotheroots.com

The Cannabis Industry: As more states in the USA lift the ban on cannabis production and consumption, the market place is getting more regulated and it is bound to become a huge industry very soon. According to Marijuana Business Daily article, titled “Marijuana Business Factbook 2017,” the U.S. legal cannabis industry is expected to grow by an aggregate of 300% between 2016 and 2021. Thousands of people are looking for at-home hydroponic setups to grow cannabis as it has been known to produce high yields when grown hydroponically. This will effect the hydroponics industry sales positively.

CMH Trichomes

Some people have argued that hydroponically grown food doesn’t have the same taste and nutritional values as soil-grown food. While it is a highly debated topic, we at Zenhydro believe that it is much better than food that is flown in from a different country, or stored in unnatural setup for weeks/months and definitely better than food that is grown using pesticides. The best part, it leaves a lower carbon footprint, hence highly sustainable. If its better for the earth, its definitely better for you 🙂

Be future-ready with the latest products for your hydroponic garden, at the best prices, visit our online store today.